Root canal therapy is our last line of defense to save your tooth. At the center of each tooth there is the pulp chamber, which is essentially the living part of each tooth. The pulp chamber houses the nerves and blood vessels of each tooth that supplies the tooth what is needed to grow and develop.
Unfortunately, if a cavity is big enough it can irritate the pulp chamber enough that the nerve and blood vessels die. When the pulp chamber dies it is no longer able to fight off the bacteria and the tooth can get infected. This infection can travel down the roots of the tooth and also cause an infection within the bone.
Root canal therapy treats the cause of the infection. Basically what we do is remove the cavity that caused the tooth to die initially. Then we remove all the bacteria from within the pulp chamber and the canals within each root. Then we fill this space with a rubbery material called Gutta Percha. This blocks off an access that the bacteria once had. Once the the root canals and pulp chamber are filled the body is able to heal and fight off any infection that might be left in the bone.
The best part is the tooth feels exactly the way it did before the cavity! Root Canal Therapy is an excellent way to save your tooth!
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